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Potassium hydroxide acts as the precursor for most of the soft and liquid soaps, and for numerous potassium-containing chemicals. It is widely used in the manufacture of detergents, fertilizer, rayon, paper, dyestuffs, various drugs, drug intermediates, fine chemicals, and petroleum products. In the field of organic chemistry, potassium hydroxide acts as a base, and is used in the synthesis of several organic compounds. Further it finds application as an electrolyte in alkaline batteries, which are based on nickel-cadmium, nickel-hydrogen and manganese dioxide-zinc.
Aili, D.; Jankova, K.; Li, Q.; Bjerrum, N. J.; Jensen, J. O. The stability of poly(2,2'-(m-phenylene)-5,5'-bibenzimidazole) membranes in aqueous potassium hydroxide. J. Membr. Sci. 2015, 492, 422-429.
Gilliama, R. J.; Graydonb, J. W.; Kirkb, D. W.; Thorpea, S. J. A Review of Specific Conductivities of Potassium hydroxide Solutions for Various Concentrations and Temperatures. Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. 2007, 32 (3), 359-364.
Baroutian, S.; Aroua, M. K.; Raman, A. A. A.; Sulaiman, N. M. N. Potassium Hydroxide Catalyst Supported on Palm Shell Activated Carbon for Transesterification of Palm Oil. Fuel Process. Technol. 2010, 91 (11), 1378-1385.
Hazard Statements: H290-H302-H314-H335
May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant