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Thionin acetate is a strongly staining metachromatic dye that is widely used for biological staining. Thionine can also be used in place of Schiff reagent in quantitative Feulgen staining of DNA. It can also be used to mediate electron transfer in microbial fuel cells. It is also employed as a general nuclear stain for chromatin and mucin; for staining Nissl granules by end-point buffering and for showing malignant cells in frozen biopsy sections; and as a stain for semi-thin sections of plant material for light microscopy.
Huang W.; Vernon LP.; Bell JD. Enhancement of adenylate cyclase activity in S49 lymphoma cell membranes by the toxin thionin from Pyrularia pubera.Toxicon.1994,32(7), 789-97.
D P Penney.; J M Powers.; M Frank.; C Willis.; C Churukian. Analysis and testing of biological stains--the Biological Stain Commission Procedures.Biotech Histochem.2002,77(5-6), 237-275.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant