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Dimethyl maleate is acts as a dienophile involved in ultrasonic irradiation promoted Diels-Alder reaction with substituted furans. It is widely used as an intermediate and additive for pharmaceuticals, copolymers, pigments, plastics, paints, adhesives and agrochemicals. As an internal modifier, it increases the glass transition temperature of styrene or vinyl chloride polymer. It plays a vital role to improve the hardness and toughness of polymer films such as copolymers of vinyl acetate.
Reactive dienophile. For a study of thermal cycloadditions with alkenes, see: J. Org. Chem., 57, 594 (1992).
Bosica, G.; Debono, A. J. Uncatalyzed, green aza-Michael addition of amines to dimethyl maleate. Tetrahedron 2014, 70 (37), 6607-6612.
Behr, A.; Toepell, S.; Harmuth, S. Cross-metathesis of methyl 10-undecenoate with dimethyl maleate: an efficient protocol with nearly quantitative yields. RSC Adv. 2014, 4 (31), 16320-16326.
Hazard Statements: H302-H311-H315-H317-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P333+P313-P337+P313-P361-P363-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant