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Gold(III) bromide is used as a catalyst in a variety of reactions. It catalyzes the reaction between an enynal unit and carbonyl compounds to form a six-membered cyclic compound. Another catalytic use of gold tribromide is in the nucleophilic substitution reaction of propargylic alcohols, with the gold complex acting as an alcohol-activating agent to facilitate the substitution. It can be used as a testing reagent for the presence of ketamine.
Z.Marczenko; K.Jankowski. Sensitive flotation-spectrophotometric determination of gold based on the gold(III)/bromide/rhodamine 6G system. Analytica Chimica Acta. 1985, 176, 185-191
Hubert Schmidbaur; Annette Schier. Gold (III) compounds for homogeneous catalysis: preparation, reaction conditions, and scope of application. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. 2012, 37, (5)1187-1225
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant