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2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is used as a solvent in spectrophotometric analysis and in organic synthesis. Due to its high antiknock octane number, it is widely employed as a standard reference fuel for octane ratings. It acts as an entrainer in azeotropic distillation as well as thinner. It is involved as processing aids in the petroleum industry.
Elsayed, Y.; Dallas, A.; Beatty, P. Experimental and predicted adsorption isotherms of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane and toluene on activated carbon for industrial applications. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41 (3), 1267-1282.
Martins, V. D.; Granato, M. A.; Rodrigues, A. E. Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for Binary Systems of 2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane with o-Xylene, m-Xylene, p-Xylene, and Ethylbenzene at 250 kPa. J. Chem. Eng. Data. 2014, 59 (5), 1499-1506.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H315-H319-H336
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P331-P332+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant