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540-84-1 - 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, 99% - Isooctane - A19756 - Alfa Aesar

A19756 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, 99%

CAS Number
540-84-1
Synonyms
Isooctane

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
500ml 27.19
2500ml 65.10
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2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, 99%

MDL
MFCD00008943
EINECS
208-759-1

Chemical Properties

Formula
C8H18
Formula Weight
114.23
Melting point
-107°
Boiling Point
98-99°
Flash Point
-7°(19°F)
Density
0.692
Refractive Index
1.3910
Solubility
Miscible with benzene, toluene, xylene, chloroform, ether, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, DMF, acetone, heptane, and oils. Immiscible with water.

Applications

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is used as a solvent in spectrophotometric analysis and in organic synthesis. Due to its high antiknock octane number, it is widely employed as a standard reference fuel for octane ratings. It acts as an entrainer in azeotropic distillation as well as thinner. It is involved as processing aids in the petroleum industry.

Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep away from sources of ignition. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

Literature References

Elsayed, Y.; Dallas, A.; Beatty, P. Experimental and predicted adsorption isotherms of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane and toluene on activated carbon for industrial applications. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41 (3), 1267-1282.

Martins, V. D.; Granato, M. A.; Rodrigues, A. E. Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for Binary Systems of 2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane with o-Xylene, m-Xylene, p-Xylene, and Ethylbenzene at 250 kPa. J. Chem. Eng. Data. 2014, 59 (5), 1499-1506.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H400-H410-H315-H336

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Very toxic to aquatic life. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects. Causes skin irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P273-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P362-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,5193
Beilstein
1696876
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2901.10
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
SA3320000

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