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Sodium tert-butoxide is used as a strong base and a non-nucleophilic base. In organic synthesis, it serves as an intermediate in various reactions like condensation, rearrangement and ring-opening. Further, it finds use in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, colorants, aroma chemicals, detergents and biodiesel. It acts as a catalyst in polymerization and isomerization reactions.
Preferred base, superior to KO-t-Bu or LiO-t-Bu, for promoting Buchwald's Pd catalyzed conversion of aryl bromides to arylamines: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 34, 1316, 1348 (1995); J. Org. Chem., 61, 7240 (1996); Tetrahedron Lett., 39, 2219 (1998).
Zhang, M. X.; Hu, X. H.; Xu, Y. H.; Loh, T. P. Selective Dealkylation of Alkyl Aryl Ethers. Asian J. Org. Chem. 2015, 4 (10), 1047-1049.
Kumar, C. V.; Raptis, D.; Koukaras, E. N.; Sygellou, L.; Lianos, P. Study of an indoline-phenothiazine based organic dye for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Theoretical calculations and experimental data. Org. Electron. 2015, 25, 66-73.
Hazard Statements: H228-H314-H500-X
Flammable solid. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P210-P235+P410-P240-P241-P260-P264b-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Protect from sunlight. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant