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Nitronium tetrafluoroborate has been shown to be a versatile nitrating agent for nitrogen compounds, giving the corresponding N-nitro derivative when reacted with secondary aliphatic amines, an acyl aliphatic amine, a carbamate ester: a diacyl amine and primary amides.
George A. Olah, et al. Aromatic Substitution. VIII.1 Mechanism of the Nitronium Tetrafluoroborate Nitration of Alkylbenzenes in Tetramethylene Sulfone Solution. Remarks on Certain Aspects of Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution2.J. Am. Chem. Soc.,1961,83(22), 4571-4580.
George A. Olah, et al. Electrophilic reactions at single bonds. 25. Nitration of adamantane and diamantane with nitronium tetrafluoroborate.J. Am. Chem. Soc.,1993,115(6), 7246-7249.
Crystalline salt of the active species in the nitration of arenes. Enables nitration to be carried out in non-aqueous, non-acidic systems (typically in Sulfolane, A13466). For mono- and dinitration of o-tolunitrile without hydrolysis, see: J. Chem. Soc., 4257 (1956); J. Am. Chem. Soc., 83, 4564 (1961).
In acetonitrile solution, addition of the nitronium ion to alkenes, followed by Ritter reaction of the resulting carbonium ion with the solvent, leads to the nitroacetamide: J. Org. Chem., 36, 3641 (1971).
Allylsilanes undergo desilylative nitration with allylic rearrangement; in chiral systems the reaction is enantioselective, useful in the synthesis of (E)-olefin dipeptide isosteres: J. Org. Chem., 60, 7714 (1995).
Has also been used for the oxidative cleavage of O-methyl ethers of aliphatic alcohols; e.g. benzyl methyl ether is cleaved to benzaldehyde: J. Org. Chem., 42, 3097 (1977). Ethylene dithioacetals are cleaved to carbonyl compounds: Synthesis, 273 (1979).
Hazard Statements: H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.