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It is employed as a valuable reagent for trifluoromethylation of electrophilic substrates. It is also use an the nucleophilic addition of the trifluoromethyl group to aldehydes and ketones. It generates trifluoromethide with catalytic amounts of F- (TBAF or CsF) and reacts with carbonyl compounds to produce trifluoromethylated alcohols.
G K Surya Prakash, et al. Facile synthesis of TMS-protected trifluoromethylated alcohols using trifluoromethyltrimethylsilane (TMSCF3) and various nucleophilic catalysts in DMF.J Org Chem.2006,71(18), 6806-6813.
Rajendra P. Singh, et al.Cesium Fluoride Catalyzed Trifluoromethylation of Esters, Aldehydes, and Ketones with (Trifluoromethyl)trimethylsilane.J. Org. Chem.,1999,64(8), 2873-2876.
Valuable reagent for trifluoromethylation of electrophilic substrates.
In the presence of F-, aldehydes and ketones give, after hydrolysis of the intermediate silyl ethers, the trifluoromethyl carbinols: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 393 (1989); J. Org. Chem., 56, 984 (1991); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 711 (1998):
Alternatively, rapid and efficient trifluoromethylation of carbonyl compounds can be carried out at room temperature in DMSO, in the presence of molecular sieves, without fluoride or other basic catayst: Synlett, 112 (2006). The use of Tri-tert-butylphosphine, 10178 as a catalyst has also been advocated: Synlett, 267 (2006).
In the presence of CsF and TMS-imidazole, aldimines are converted to ɑ-trifluoromethyl amines: Tetrahedron Lett., 40, 5475 (1999).
With a catalytic amount of TBAF, excellent yields of trifluoromethyl ketones can be obtained from methyl esters: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 37, 820 (1998).
Similarly, alkyl or aryl thiocyanates are converted to the corresponding trifluoromethyl sulfides in generally good yields: Tetrahedron Lett., 38, 65 (1997). Selenocyanates behave similarly. Trifluoromethylation of aromatics bearing electron-withdrawing groups can be effected in the presence of KF, by displacement of nitro-, cyano- or chloro-substituents: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 3081 (1998).
For reviews of this and similar reagents, see: Chem. Rev., 97, 757 (1997); J. Fluorine Chem., 112, 123 (2001).
Hazard Statements: H225-H315-H319-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant