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2,3-Dihydrofuran is a versatile reagent used in lanthanide-catalyzed Diels-Alder reactions with 2-pyrones and in Rh(II)-stabilized cycloadditions with vinylcarbenoids. It is applied for alkylation by active methylene compounds, catalyzed by trans-Dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II). It is also used in the preparation of biologically active compounds such as antitumor agents.
Ulrike Kohlweyer, et al. Tetrahydrofuran degradation by a newly isolated culture of Pseudonocardia sp. strain K1.FEMS Microbiol. Lett.2000,186301-306.
Fumiyuki Ozawa, et al. Catalytic asymmetric arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran with aryl triflates.J. Am. Chem. Soc.,1991,113(4), 1417-1419.
For lithiation at the 5-position, see: Tetrahedron Lett., 4187 (1977); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 530 (1998). For alkylation by active methylene compounds, catalyzed by trans-Dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II), 10491, see: J. Org. Chem., 47, 2812 (1982). For catalytic asymmetric arylation, see: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 1417 (1991); Pure Appl. Chem., 64, 421 (1992).
Forms tetrahydrofuranyl esters (acyl hemiacetals) with carboxylic acids. These react with Grignard reagents to give good yields of ketones with minimal enolization or double addition (tertiary alcohol formation). The utility of other acyl hemiacetals as ketone precursors has also been studied: J. Org. Chem., 61, 6071 (1996):
Hazard Statements: H225-H302-H319
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P264b-P270-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P330-P372-P374-P380-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. Explosion risk in case of fire. Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. Evacuate area. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant