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Benzalkonium chloride is a cationic surface active agent.It is used as a preservative in pharmaceutical products like eye, ear and nasal drops. It finds application in personal care products such as wet wipes, shampoos, hand sanitizers, deodorants and cosmetics. It is widely used in the chemical industry as a precipitant and emulsifier/de-emulsifier. It acts as corrosion inhibitor in the oil and gas industry pipeline by preventing the formation of sulfurous gases. It is also used in various non-consumer process like surgical disinfection.
Sabatini, C.; Pashley, D. H. Aging of adhesive interfaces treated with benzalkonium chloride and benzalkonium methacrylate. Eur J Oral Sci. 2015, 123 (2), 102-107.
Kim, J. M.; Ahn, Y.; LiPuma, J. J.; Hussong, D.; Cerniglia, C. E. Survival and susceptibility of Burkholderia cepacia complex in chlorhexidine gluconate and benzalkonium chloride. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2015, 42 (6), 905-913.
Hazard Statements: H302-H312-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant