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Benzalkonium chloride is a cationic surface active agent.It is used as a preservative in pharmaceutical products like eye, ear and nasal drops. It finds application in personal care products such as wet wipes, shampoos, hand sanitizers, deodorants and cosmetics. It is widely used in the chemical industry as a precipitant and emulsifier/de-emulsifier. It acts as corrosion inhibitor in the oil and gas industry pipeline by preventing the formation of sulfurous gases. It is also used in various non-consumer process like surgical disinfection.
Sabatini, C.; Pashley, D. H. Aging of adhesive interfaces treated with benzalkonium chloride and benzalkonium methacrylate. Eur J Oral Sci. 2015, 123 (2), 102-107.
Kim, J. M.; Ahn, Y.; LiPuma, J. J.; Hussong, D.; Cerniglia, C. E. Survival and susceptibility of Burkholderia cepacia complex in chlorhexidine gluconate and benzalkonium chloride. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2015, 42 (6), 905-913.
Hazard Statements: H302-H313-H314-H318
Harmful if swallowed. May be harmful in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.