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Inhibitor of translation on the 50S subunit at the peptidyltransferase step. (R,R)-Chloramphenicol is widely utilized as an antibiotic, which is used for the treatment of number of bacterial infections and also act as a bacteriostatic. It is often used for bacterial selection in molecular biology applications. It also finds an application in ophthalmic and veterinary purposes. It also protects the mitochondrial and chloroplast protein synthesis and ribosomal formation of (p)ppGpp, de-pressing rRNA transcription.
Fedeniuk, R. W.; Mizuno, M.; Neiser, C.; OByrne, C. Development of LC-MS/MS methodology for the detection/determination and confirmation of chloramphenicol, chloramphenicol 3-O- β-d-glucuronide, florfenicol, florfenicol amine and thiamphenicol residues in bovine, equine and porcine liver. J. Chromatogr. B 2015, 991, 68-78.
Mitchell, S. M.; Ullman, J. L.; Teel, A. L.; Watts, R. J. Hydrolysis of amphenicol and macrolide antibiotics: Chloramphenicol, florfenicol, spiramycin, and tylosin. Chemosphere 2015, 134, 504-511.
Hazard Statements: H303-H350-H361
May be harmful if swallowed. May cause cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P280-P312a-P308+P313-P405-P501a
Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.