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Guanidine thiocyanate is a useful tool for RNA isolation and protein solubilization. It is involved in the quantification of mRNA from hepatocytes. It acts as a medium for blood smaple lystae in order to maintain the integrity of nucleic acid. It is a chaotropic agent, mainly involved in the extraction of DNA and RNA. It is utilized to deactivate the influenza virus.
Chomczynski, P.; Sacchi, N. The single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction: twenty-something years on. Nat. Protoc. 2006, 1 (2), 581-585.
van Doorn, H. R.; Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet, E. S.; Duim, B.; Vandenbroucke-Grauls, C. M.; Weel, J. F.; Dankert, J.; Kuijper, E. J.; de Jong, M. D. Silica-guanidinium thiocyanate-based nucleic acid isolation protocol does not improve sensitivity of two commercial tests for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in respiratory samples. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 2006, 25 (10), 673-675.
Hazard Statements: H302-H312-H332-H314-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.