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Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine is a tetradentate chelating ligand and forms stable complexes with transition metals. It is also used as a carbon dioxide absorbent. Further, it acts as a reagent for cleavage of the fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc) group in peptide synthesis. It reacts with aryl isocyanates and isothiocyanates to give tris-urea and -thiourea derivatives.
Reagent for rapid cleavage of the Fmoc group in peptide synthesis, particularly recommended in conjunction with Fmoc-protected acid chlorides as the active species: J. Org. Chem., 55, 1673 (1990). For a review of peptide synthesis via amino acid halides, see: Acc. Chem. Res., 29, 268 (1996). For peptide reagents, see Appendix 6.
Reaction with aryl isocyanates and isothiocyanates gives tris-urea and -thiourea derivatives which have been evaluated as phosphate and sulfate receptors: Chem. Lett., 759 (1995).
Xu, C.; Bacsik, Z.; Hedin, N. Adsorption of CO2 on a micro-/mesoporous polyimine modified with tris(2-aminoethyl) amine. J. Mater. Chem. A 2015, 3 (31), 16229-16234.
Sietzen, M.; Batke, S.; Merz, L.; Wadepohl, H.; Ballmann, J. Phospha Derivatives of Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) and Tris(3-aminopropyl)amine (trpn): Synthesis and Complexation Studies with Group 4 Metals. Organometallics 2015, 34 (6), 1118-1128.
Hazard Statements: H301-H310-H314-H318
Toxic if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310a
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor