Sodium dichloroacetate finds medicinal application in removing warts and other skin growths. It is used as an antidote for lactic acidosis and in the treatment of stroke. It is studied as potential drugs, since it inhibits the enzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase.
Agnoletto, C.; Brunelli, L.; Melloni, E.; Pastorelli, R.; Casciano, F.; Rimondi, E.; Rigolin, G. M.; Cuneo, A.; Secchiero, P.; Zauli, G. The anti-leukemic activity of sodium dichloroacetate in p53mutated/null cells is mediated by a p53-independent ILF3/p21 pathway. Oncotarget 2015, 6 (4), 2385-2396.
Ji, B.; Tang, P.; Yan, K.; Sun, G. Catalytic actions of alkaline salts in reactions between 1, 2, 3, 4-butanetetracarboxylic acid and cellulose: II. Esterification. Carbohydr. Polym. 2015, 132, 228-236.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H319-H341-H335
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Obtain special instructions before use. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.