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Polyethylene glycol is used in electron microscopy. It is used as a solvent, a dye carrier in inks and a dispersant in water based coatings. Its derivatives like PEG esters are used as surfactants. In the textile industry, it is used as a lubricant, softener, dye carrier dispersant and an anti-static agent. It finds application in personal care products like skin creams, lotions and bath gels.
A mixture of PEG200 with dichloromethane has been recommended as a solvent system for the Sandmeyer conversion of aromatic amines to halides, giving particularly good results for aryl chlorides: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1523 (1984).
For use of polyethylene glycols as phase-transfer catalysts, see Polyethylene glycol 400, B21992.
Zhao, T.; Xu, Q.; Xiao, J.; Wei, X. Excess Properties and Spectroscopic Studies for Binary System of Polyethylene Glycol 200 (1)+ Dimethyl Sulfoxide (2) at T=(298.15 to 318.15) K. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2015, 60 (7), 2135-2145.
Jouyban, A.; Soleymani, J.; Soltanpour, S. Solubility of ketoconazole in polyethylene glycol 200+ water mixtures at 298.2-318.2 K. J. Solution Chem 2014, 43 (5), 950-958.
Hazard Statements: H227-H303-H315-H320-H333-H335
Combustible liquid. May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes eye irritation. May be harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P264b-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P374-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant