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Nickel(II) chloride is a mild Lewis acid used for the regioselective isomerization of dienols and selective reduction of alkenes to alkanes in presence of Lithium aluminum hydride. It is used as a precursor to nickel boride, finely divided nickel. It acts as a catalyst to prepare dialkyl arylphosphonates from phosphites and aryl iodide. It finds application in the electroplating of nickel onto other metal items. It is also used in the synthesis of semiconducting metal-containing polymers.
For formation and reactions of nickel boride, see Sodium borohydride, 35788.
For a brief feature on uses of NiCl2 and its hydrate in synthesis, see: Synlett, 279 (2003).
Güvenatam, B.; Heeres, E. H. J.; Pidko, E. A.; Hensen, E. J. M. Decomposition of lignin model compounds by Lewis acid catalysts in water and ethanol. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 2015, 410, 89-99.
Tian, Y.; Etschmann, B.; Liu, W.; Borg, S.; Mei, Y.; Testemale, D.; O'Neill, B.; Rae, N.; Sherman, D. M.; Ngothai, Y.; Johannessen, B.; Glover, C.; Brugger, J. Speciation of nickel(II) chloride complexes in hydrothermal fluids: In situ XAS study. Chem. Geol. 2012, 334, 345-363.
Hazard Statements: H301-H315-H317-H319-H331-H334-H341-H350i-H360D-H372-H500
Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause cancer by inhalation. May damage the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P281-P285-P301+P310-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P311-P330-P333+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant