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Hydroxylamine is a reactant used for the preparation of hydroxyaminoguanidines which are anti-cancer agents, carboxamide derivatives of ofloxacin and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitors. It reacts with chlorosulfonic acid to give hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid, a useful reagent in the synthesis of caprolactam. It is commonly used as a reducing agent in myriad of organic and inorganic reactions. It acts as an antioxidant for fatty acids. It is widely used to prepare oximes, an important functional group.
Heil, J.; Liu, S.; Vereecken, H.; Brüggemann, N. Abiotic nitrous oxide production from hydroxylamine in soils and their dependence on soil properties. Soil Biol. Biochem. 2015, 84, 107-115.
Alibeik, M. A.; Moaddeli, A. Multi-component one-pot reaction of aldehyde, hydroxylamine and sodium azide catalyzed by Cu-MCM-41 nanoparticles: a novel method for the synthesis of 5-substituted 1 H-tetrazole derivatives. New J. Chem. 2015, 39 (3), 2116-2122.
Hazard Statements: H200-H290-H302+H312-H315-H317-H318-H335-H351-H373
Unstable explosives. May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing cancer. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P234-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280g-P281-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P310-P312-P330-P333+P313-P362-P372-P373-P380-P390-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Explosion risk in case of fire. DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives. Evacuate area. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant