2-phenylpropionaldehyde to give acetophenone using 1 atm molecular oxygen as oxidant was catalyzed by Ce(IV), V(IV) and Bronsted acids. It is used to produce 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-phenyl-propionaldehyde. This reaction will need reagent water and K2CO3.
Richard F. Heck. The palladium-catalyzed arylation of enol esters, ethers, and halides. A new synthesis of 2-aryl aldehydes and ketones. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1968, 90, (20), 5535-5538.
Charles D. Thompson.; Michael T. Kinter.; Timothy L. Macdonald. Synthesis and in Vitro Reactivity of 3-Carbamoyl-2-phenylpropionaldehyde and 2-Phenylpropenal:? Putative Reactive Metabolites of Felbamate. Chem. Res. Toxicol.1996, 9, (8), 1225-1229.
Hazard Statements: H227-H303-H315-H319-H335
Combustible liquid. May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210u-P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.