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It is used as a reagent for the determination of copper. It acts as an exciton blocking barrier which prohibits excitons diffusion process towards the Al electrode otherwise being quenched. It is the most commonly used buffer layer between acceptor and cathode layer.
Jiang Huang; Junsheng Yu; Hui Lin and Yadong Jiang. Detailed analysis of bathocuproine layer for organic solar cells based on copper phthalocyanine and C60. J. Appl. Phys. 2009, 105 (7), 073105.
Makoto Matsushita; Tsutomu Irino; Tsugikazu Komoda; Yoshikatsu Sakagishi. Determination of proteins by a reverse biuret method combined with the copper-bathocuproine chelate reaction. Clinica Chimica Acta. 1993, 216, (1-2), 103-111.
Reagent for the determination of copper: Anal. Chem., 25, 510 (1953).