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Creatinine levels in blood and urine may be used to calculate the creatinine clearance (CrCl), which reflects the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), an important clinical index of renal function. It is a substrate for creatininase.
Cockcroft D.W.; Gault M.H. Prediction of Creatinine Clearance from Serum Creatinine. Nephron. 1976, 17, 31-41.
Schwartz GJ; Brion LP; Spitzer A. The use of plasma creatinine concentration for estimating glomerular filtration rate in infants, children, and adolescents. Europe PMC. 1987, 34 (3), 571-590.
Reacts with aromatic aldehydes in a route to derivatives of N-methylphenylalanine: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 586 (1955):
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.