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Nitrofurantoin is a nitrofuran antibiotic that is used as a substrate of bacterial nitrofuran reductase to study the interactions of active metabolites with DNA, ribosomal proteins and metabolic and pro-oxidant processes. It is an antibactericidal compound that has been historically prepared by the reaction of 1-aminohydantoin sulfate and 5-nitro-2-furaldehyde diacetate. It shows activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Nitrofurantoin is effective against enterococci, staphylococci, streptococci, corneybacteria, many strains of Escherichia coli.
Charles C. McOsker.; Penny M. Fitzpatrick. Nitrofurantoin: Mechanism of action and implications for resistance development in common uropathogens. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 1994, 33 23-30.
P. R. Hari.; T. Chandy.; C. P. Sharma. Chitosan/calcium alginate microcapsules for intestinal delivery of nitrofurantoin. Journal of Microencapsulation: Micro and Nano Carriers. 1996, 13 (3), 319-329.
Hazard Statements: H302-H317-H334-H373
Harmful if swallowed. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P272-P280g-P285-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P341-P314-P330-P333+P313-P342+P311-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant