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Nitrofurantoin is a nitrofuran antibiotic that is used as a substrate of bacterial nitrofuran reductase to study the interactions of active metabolites with DNA, ribosomal proteins and metabolic and pro-oxidant processes. It is an antibactericidal compound that has been historically prepared by the reaction of 1-aminohydantoin sulfate and 5-nitro-2-furaldehyde diacetate. It shows activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Nitrofurantoin is effective against enterococci, staphylococci, streptococci, corneybacteria, many strains of Escherichia coli.
Charles C. McOsker.; Penny M. Fitzpatrick. Nitrofurantoin: Mechanism of action and implications for resistance development in common uropathogens. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 1994, 33 23-30.
P. R. Hari.; T. Chandy.; C. P. Sharma. Chitosan/calcium alginate microcapsules for intestinal delivery of nitrofurantoin. Journal of Microencapsulation: Micro and Nano Carriers. 1996, 13 (3), 319-329.
Hazard Statements: H302-H334-H317
Harmful if swallowed. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Precautionary Statements: P284-P261-P280g-P342+P311a-P301+P312a-P501a
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.