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Nalidixic acid is a synthetic 1,8-naphthyridine antimicrobial agent. It is also used as an inhibitor of bacterial DNA gyrase. It plays an important role in the treatment of urinary tract infections caused by susceptible gram-negative microorganisms, including the majority of E. Coli, Enterobacter species, Klebsiella species and Proteus species.
Chintagari, S.; Hung, Y. C.; Hamanaka, D. Resistance of various STEC strains and serogroups to UV radiation and effect of nalidixic acid adaptation. Food Control 2015, 50, 313-319.
Dwivedi, G. R.; Maurya, A.; Yadav, D. K.; Khan, F.; Darokar, M. P.; Srivastava, S. K. Drug Resistance Reversal Potential of Ursolic Acid Derivatives against Nalidixic Acid- and Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli. Chem. Biol. Drug Des. 2015, 86 (3), 272-283.
Hazard Statements: H317-H334-H336-H341
May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of causing genetic defects.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P272-P280g-P285-P302+P352-P304+P341-P333+P313-P342+P311-P363-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant