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Orotic acid is an intermediate in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis that may be used to study the specificity and kinetics of orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) which catalyzes the reversible phosphoribosyl transfer from 5?-phospho-α-d-ribose 1?-diphosphate (PRPP) to orotic acid (OA), forming pyrophosphate and orotidine 5?-monophosphate (OMP). It is used as a starting material for the potential commercial bioproduction of uridine 5?-monophosphate (UMP) by microbes such as Corynebacterium ammoniagenes (ATCC 6872) or Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It may be used to study the AMPK/SREBP-1 dependent cell signaling pathway and transcription regulation mechanisms that induce hepatic lipogenesis.
Eun-Jeong Jung; Sung-Won Kwon; Byung-Hwa Jung; Seon-Hee Oh; Byung-Hoon Lee. Role of the AMPK/SREBP-1 pathway in the development of orotic acid-induced fatty liver. Journal of Lipid Research. 2011, 52,(9), 1617-1625.
Xing Wang; Xiuwen Wang; Mengxin Yin; Zijun Xiao; Cuiqing Ma; Zhixin Lin; Peng George Wang; Ping Xu. Production of uridine 5'-monophosphate by Corynebacterium ammoniagenes ATCC 6872 using a statistically improved biocatalytic process. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2007, 76,(2), 321-328.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280a-P305+P351+P338-P301+P312a-P321-P332+P313-P501a
Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Specific treatment (see label). If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.