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Lactonization of olefins with monomethyl ester of malonic acid and ceric ammonium nitrate was carried out in acetic acid and in acetonitrile under simple mechanical stirring or ultrasound irradiation. Lactonization of olefins with CAN and monomethyl ester of malonic acid under ultrasound irradiation shows an acceleration with respect to the analogous mechanically stirred reaction.
Andrea D'Annibale,; Corrado Trogolo. Sonochemical lactonization of olefins with ceric ammonium nitrate and monomethyl ester of malonic acid. Tetrahedron Letters. 1994, 35(13), 2083-2086.
Zoltan. Noszticzius,; William D. McCormick,; Harry L. Swinney. Effect of trace impurities on a bifurcation structure in the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction: preparation of high-purity malonic acid. J. Phys. Chem. 1987, 91 (19), 5129-5134.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant