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Zinc chloride is a widely used as a moderate-strength Lewis acid. In biochemistry research this is used for a source of the zinc ion. It is also be used alone or with phenols for preserving railway ties, fireproofing timber, and with ammonium chloride as a flux for soldering and etching of metals. Zinc chloride is used in the synthesis of the ferrocenylarenes. It is used for the in situ generation of organozincate reagents by reacting with Grignard compounds and also to catalyze chloromethylation of resins for solid phase peptide synthesis.
P. Shanthan Rao.; R.V. Venkataratnam. Zinc chloride as a new catalyst for knoevenagel condensation. Tetrahedron Letters. 1991, 32 (41), 5821-5822.
Sophie Peulon.; Daniel Lincot. Mechanistic Study of Cathodic Electrodeposition of Zinc Oxide and Zinc Hydroxychloride Films from Oxygenated Aqueous Zinc Chloride Solutions. J. Electrochem. Soc. 1998, 145 (3), 864-874.
Hazard Statements: H225-H302-H333-H314-H318-H351-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. May be harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Suspected of causing cancer. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.