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Tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine hydrochloride is widely used as a reducing agent to reduce disulfide bonds in proteins and trans-4,5-dihydroxy-1,2-dithiane. It is involved in the reduction of sulfoxides, sulfonyl chlorides, N-oxides and azides. It plays an important role in the tissue homogenization process for RNA isolation. It acts as a chelating agent and forms complexes with various heavy metal ions such as Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ni(II). Furthermore, it is useful in the labeling of cysteine residues with maleimides.
La, M.; Feng, Y.; Yang, C.; Chen, C. Performances of p-Aminophenol Redox Cycling by Thiols and Tris (2-carboxyethyl) phosphine on Cysteamine-and 3-Mercaptopropionic acid-Covered Gold Electrodes. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 2014, 9, 6985-6992.
Miralles, G.; Verdie?, P.; Puget, K.; Maurras, A.; Martinez, J.; Subra, G. Microwave-mediated reduction of disulfide bridges with supported (Tris (2-carboxyethyl) phosphine) as resin-bound reducing agent. ACS Comb. Sci. 2013, 15 (4), 169-173.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant