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L-Glutamic acid 1-methyl ester nonessential amino acid that is important to the mammalian central nervous system. It is also a neurotransmitter for cone photoreceptors in the human brain and is used as a treatment for patients who have liver disease accompanied by encephalopathy (a condition termed hepatic coma).
Anderson, H., et al. Effect on Nitrogen Balance of Adult Man of Varying Source of Nitrogen and Level of Calorie Intake. J. Nutr. 1969, 99 (1), 82-90.
C Brandon and D M Lam. L-glutamic acid: a neurotransmitter candidate for cone photoreceptors in human and rat retinas. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 1983, 80 (16), 5117-5121.