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It is a lipid-lowering agent used for controlling the high cholesterol and triacylglyceride level in the blood. It increases lipoprotein lipase activity to promote the conversion of VLDL to LDL, and hence reduce the level of VLDL. It can increase the level of HDL as well. Clofibrate is a ligand agonist for PPARα (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α), or an inducer of cytochromes P450s CYP4A1 and CYP4A3.
S Oikawa; H Midorikawa.[Clofibrate treatment of hyperlipoproteinemia]. Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine.1994, 52 (12), 3285-3291.
W Reuter; A Seifert. [The treatment of essential hyperlipidemia with clofibrate]. Zeitschrift fur die gesamte innere Medizin und ihre Grenzgebiete. 1969, 24 (1), Suppl-Supp7.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H318-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P330-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant