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An aminoglycoside antibiotic that kills bacteria by inhibiting protein synthesisHygromycin B is used for the selection and maintenance of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells that contains the hygromycin resistance gene. This gene is frequently used as a selectable marker in research on plants. It stabilizes the transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA)-ribosomal acceptor site, thereby inhibiting translocation. In addition to this, it serves as an aminoglycosidic antibiotic which inhibits protein synthesis.
Chen, C. F.; Chan, K. G.; Tan, B. C.; Khalid, N. Enhancement of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation efficiency of model plant using quorum sensing molecule, N-3-oxo-octanoyl-l-homoserine-lactone. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 2015, 121 (2), 481-487.
Park, Y.; Hosomichi, J.; Ge, C.; Xu, J.; Franceschi, R.; Kapila, S. Immortalization and characterization of mouse temporomandibular joint disc cell clones with capacity for multi-lineage differentiation. Osteoarthr. Cartil. 2015, 23 (9), 1532-1542.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H318-H334-H317
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes serious eye damage. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Precautionary Statements: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P330-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.