The bitterest compound knownDenatonium benzoate is used as an alcohol denaturant and flavor in pharmaceuticals. It is also used in antifreeze, nail biting preventions, respirator mask fit-testing, animal repellents, liquid soaps and shampoos. Further, it is used in air care products. It acts as H1 antihistamine. In addition to this, it is used as a disinfectant.
Kwiatkowski, A.; Czerwicka, M.; Smulko, J.; Stepnowski, P. Detection of Denatonium Benzoate (Bitrex) Remnants in Noncommercial Alcoholic Beverages by Raman Spectroscopy. J. Forensic Sci. 2014, 59 (5), 1358-1363.
Firouzi, M. S.; Firouzi, M.; Nabian, M. H.; Zanjani, L. O.; Zadegan, S. A.; Kamrani, R. S.; Rahimi-Movaghar, V. The effects of picric acid (2,4,6-trinitrophenol) and a bite-deterrent chemical (denatonium benzoate) on autotomy in rats after peripheral nerve lesion. Lab anim 2015, 44 (4), 141-145.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a