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Nigericin sodium salt is a polyether ionophore which catalyzes the electroneutral exchange of alkali metal (K+) for H+ (antiport). It disrupts membrane potential and stimulates ATPase activity in mitochondria. It transports monovalent cations across membranes with the following specificity: K+ >Rb+ >Cs+ >>Na. It kills bacteria by facilitating the diffusion of ions across membranes. It is widely used in studies of the consequences of changes in membrane potential in variable systems.
K.Suzuki; K.Tohda; H.Aruga; M.Matsuzoe; H.Inoue; T.Shirai. Ion-selective electrodes based on natural carboxylic polyether antibiotics. Analytical chemistry. 1988, 60,(17), 1714-1721.
Benjamin Rey; Damien Roussel; Caroline Romestaing; Maud Belouze; Jean-Louis Rouanet; Dominique Desplanches; Brigitte Sibille; Stephane Servais; Claude Duchamp. Up-regulation of avian uncoupling protein in cold-acclimated and hyperthyroid ducklings prevents reactive oxygen species production by skeletal muscle mitochondria. BMC Physiology. 2010, 10,5.
Hazard Statements: H301-H315-H319-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.