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Cantharidin is used as a potent inhibitor of PP2A phosphatase activity. It has been shown to stimulate cell cycle progression and induce premature mitosis, used topically (0.7%) as an anti-wart treatment, and has been shown to be active in cervical, tongue, neuroblastoma, bone, leukemia, ovarian, colon, and various other cancer cell lines.
T I Baskin; J E Wilson. Inhibitors of protein kinases and phosphatases alter root morphology and disorganize cortical microtubules. Plant Physiology.1997, 113 , (2), 493-502.
McCluskey A.; Sim A.T.R.; and Sakoff J.A. Serine-threonine protein phosphatase inhibitors: Development of potential therapeutic strategies. J Med Chem.2002, 45 , (6), 1151-1175.
Hazard Statements: H300-H315-H319-H335
Fatal if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P310-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant