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Amlodipine besylate is used as a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. It is also used as an antianginal and antihypertensive. Amlodipine besylate also displays vasoprotective effects in cardiovascular disease and inhibits Ca2+-induced contractions in depolarized rat aorta (IC50 = 1.9 nM). Amlodipine besylate has been shown to inhibit proliferation of human vascular smooth muscle cells and epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells.
Burges et al. Calcium channel blocking properties of amlodipine in vascular smooth muscle and cardiac muscle in vitro: evidence for voltage modulation of vascular dihydropyridine receptors. J.Cardiovasc.Pharmacol. 1987, 9, ( 1), 110-9.
Yoshida et al. Antiproliferative effect of Ca2+ channel blockers on human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 2003, 472, ( 1-2), 23-31.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant