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Amlodipine besylate is used as a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. It is also used as an antianginal and antihypertensive. Amlodipine besylate also displays vasoprotective effects in cardiovascular disease and inhibits Ca2+-induced contractions in depolarized rat aorta (IC50 = 1.9 nM). Amlodipine besylate has been shown to inhibit proliferation of human vascular smooth muscle cells and epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells.
Burges et al. Calcium channel blocking properties of amlodipine in vascular smooth muscle and cardiac muscle in vitro: evidence for voltage modulation of vascular dihydropyridine receptors. J.Cardiovasc.Pharmacol. 1987, 9, ( 1), 110-9.
Yoshida et al. Antiproliferative effect of Ca2+ channel blockers on human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 2003, 472, ( 1-2), 23-31.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280g-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.