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Ionomycin free acid is a beneficial tool in research to raise intracellular calcium levels. Also this antibiotic can be used to study the calcium transport across the plasma membrane. It has been shown to induce central demyelination , inhibit adrenal bovine TREK-1 channels , and to regulate cell division of mature human B cells . It is used to study the effects of calcium flux on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, mitochondrial stress and intrinsic apoptosis mechanisms. It is also used to stimulate the intracellular production of the cytokines, interferon, perforin, IL-2, and IL-4 usually in conjunction with PMA.
Liu and Hermann. Characterization of ionomycin as a calcium ionophore. J.Biol.Chem.. 1978, 253, (17), 5892-4.
Kaufmann et al. Cation transport and specificity of ionomycin. Comparison with ionophore A23187 in rat liver mitochondria. J.Biol.Chem.. 1980, 255, (7), 2735-9.
Hazard Statements: H225
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P280-P303+P361+P353-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant