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2?-Deoxycytidine (deoxyC) is one of the deoxynucleosides which after phosphorylation to dCTP is used to synthesis DNA via various DNA polymerases or reverse transcriptases. 2?-Deoxycytidine (deoxyC) is the substrate for deoxycytidine deaminase (EC 220.127.116.11) which converts it into 2?-deoxyuridine. 2?-Deoxycytidine is phosphorylated to the nucleotide dCMP by the enzyme deoxycytidine kinase (DCK).
JK Christman. 5-Azacytidine and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine as inhibitors of DNA methylation: mechanistic studies and their implications for cancer therapy. Oncogene. 200221 (35), 5483-5495.
LW Herte.; GB Boder.; JS Kroin.; SM Rinzel, GA Poore. Evaluation of the antitumor activity of gemcitabine (2?, 2?-difluoro-2?-deoxycytidine). Cancer research. 199050 (1), 4417-4419.