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Cephalexin is a cephalosporin antibiotic used to study the effect of expression, binding, and inhibition of PBP3 and other penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) on bacterial cell wall mucopeptide synthesis. Cephalexin disrupts the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer of bacterial cell walls which is responsible for cell wall structural integrity. Peptidoglycan synthesis is facilitated by transpeptidases known as penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). PBPs bind to the D-Ala-D-Ala at the end of muropeptides (peptidoglycan precursors) to crosslink the peptidoglycan. Cephalexin antibiotics mimic the D-Ala-D-Ala site, thereby competitively inhibiting PBP crosslinking of peptidoglycan.
Tomoko Sugiura et. al. PDZK1 regulates two intestinal solute carriers (Slc15a1 and Slc22a5) in mice. Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 200836 (6), 1181-1188.
Karolina Langowska et. al. Polymer nanoreactors shown to produce and release antibiotics locally. Chemical Communications. 201349 (2), 128-130 .
Hazard Statements: H317-H334
May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P272-P280g-P285-P302+P352-P304+P341-P333+P313-P342+P311-P363-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant