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Citric acid is a starting point in the Krebs cycle and is a key intermediate in metabolism. It has anticoagulant activity; as a calcium chelator, it forms complexes that disrupt the tendency of blood to clot. It may be used to adjust pH and as a sequestering agent for the removal of trace metals.
J.R.Marier; M.Boulet. Direct determination of citric acid in milk with an improved pyridine-acetic anhydride method. Journal of Dairy Science. 1958, 41,(12), 1683-1692.
H.A.Krebs; W.A.Johnson. The role of citric acid in intermediate metabolism in animal tissues. FEBS Letters. 1980, 117,(Supplement 1), K2-K10.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H318-H335
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.