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1,4-Dithio-DL-threitol is used as a protective agent for preventing oxidation of thiol groups and reagent for the reduction of disulfide groups in proteins. It is employed to investigate a-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase function, flavin cofactors in proteins and protein moieties involved in peroxide reduction. It is also useful for stabilizing sulfhydryl-containing enzymes.
Tobolkina, E.; Salazar, F. C.; Qiao, L.; Girault, H. H. Protein/peptide purification by three-well OFFGEL electrophoresis with immobilized ultra narrow pH gradient gels. 2014, 6 (12), 3995-4002.
Fujita, K.; Muraki, T.; Sakurai, T.; Oishi, A.; Taguchi, Y. Synthesis of Novel Dendritic α-Glycol Ligands Derived from DL-Dithiothreitol and Their Application to Ring-opening Polymerization of ε-Caprolactone. Chem. Lett. 2004, 34 (8), 1180-1181.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.