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3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine is used in inhibition of phenylephrine-induced release of 5-hydroxytryptamine from neuroendocrine epithelial cells of the airway mucosa (IC50 = 1.3 uM). Also inhibits ion channels in the neuromuscular junction, GH3 cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells. Inhibits the growth of carcinoma cells both in vivo and in vitro in mice.
Stephen C. Mann.; Paul A. Andrews.; Stephen B. Howell. Modulation of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) accumulation and sensitivity by forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine in sensitive and resistant human ovarian carcinoma cells. International Journal of Cancer. 1991, 48, (6), 866-872.
Friedman, G.; Chajek-Shaul, T.; Stein, O.; Stein, Y. Modulation of lipoprotein lipase activity in cultured rat mesenchymal heart cells and preadipocytes by dibutyryl cyclic amp, cholera toxin and 3-isobutyl- 1-methylxanthine. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Lipids and Lipid Metabolism. 1983, 752, (1), 106-117.
Hazard Statements: H302
Harmful if swallowed.
Precautionary Statements: P264-P270-P301+P312a-P330-P501a
Wash thoroughly after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.