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Guanidine hydrochloride is used for the denaturation and subsequent refolding of proteins. This strong denaturant can solubilize insoluble or denatured proteins such as inclusion bodies. This can be used as the first step in refolding proteins or enzymes into their active form. Urea and dithiothreitol (DTT) may also be necessary. Guanidine hydrochloride is used in RNA isolation to dissociate nucleoproteins and inhibit RNase.
Dipti Arora.; Navin Khanna. Method for increasing the yield of properly folded recombinant human gamma interferon from inclusion bodies. Journal of Biotechnology. 1996, 52, (2), 127-133.
Cing-Yuen Won.; Maurice R. Eftin. Incorporation of Tryptophan Analogues into Staphylococcal Nuclease, Its V66W Mutant, and Δ137-149 Fragment:? Spectroscopic Studies. Biochemistry. 1998, 37, (25), 8938-8946.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280a-P305+P351+P338-P301+P312a-P321-P332+P313-P501a
Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Specific treatment (see label). If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.