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Targets primarily the cell membrane of Gram-positive bacteria and shows little effect against Gram-negative bacteria. Gramicidin is typically used as a topical antimicrobial agent because it also causes hemolysis of red blood cells.
Kondejewski, L.H.; Farmer, S. W.; Wishart, D.S.; Hancock, R.E,W.; Hodges, R.S. Gramicidin S Is Active against Both Gram-positive and Gram-negative Bacteria. International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research 1996 47 (6), 460-66.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.