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Nalidixic acid is an inhibitor of bacterial DNA polymerase (DNA gyrase) and avian myeloblastoma virus reverse transcriptase. It is used to modulate (inhibit) bacterial DNA gyrase-dependent processes such as DNA polymerization, (ATP-dependent)t DNA supercoiling, and chromosome fragmentation.
Martin Gellert.; Kiyoshi Mizuuchi.; Mary H. O'Dea.; Tateo Itoh.; Jun-Ichi Tomizawa. Nalidixic acid resistance: A second genetic character involved in DNA gyrase activity.pnas. 1977, 74 (11), 4772-4776 .