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CHAPS is often used as a detergent in the solubilization and purification of membrane proteins for several advantageous reasons. CHAPS detergent is non-denaturing to membrane proteins, can solubilize proteins, disaggregate protein-protein interactions. CHAPS is also useful in ion exchange chromatography and isoelectric focusing as it is zwitterionic and does not exhibit a net charge between pH 2 to 12. It is suitable for isolation of membrane proteins with the following features such as sufficient protein solubilization capability, no denaturing or inactivation of proteins, no interference with protein activities, no precipitation at 4°C, appropriate critical micelle concentrations (CMC) and micelle size, no absorption in the UV region, no toxicity and availability of detergent detection methods.
Jacob Anglister, et. al. Isotope-edited multidimensional NMR of calcineurin B in the presence of the non-deuterated detergent CHAPS.J. Biomol. NMR.,1993,3(1), 121-126.
F. Anne Stephenson and Richard W. Olsen. Solubilization by CHAPS Detergent of Barbiturate-Enhanced Benzodiazepine-GABA Receptor Complex.J. Neurochem.,1982,39(6), 1579-1586.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant