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3019-71-4 - Trichloroacetyl isocyanate, 97% - L00226 - Alfa Aesar

L00226 Trichloroacetyl isocyanate, 97%

CAS Number
3019-71-4
Synonyms

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
2g 29.21
10g 86.21
50g 344.70
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Trichloroacetyl isocyanate, 97%

MDL
MFCD00002033
EINECS
221-165-7

Chemical Properties

Formula
C3Cl3NO2
Formula Weight
188.40
Boiling Point
58-60°/20mm
Flash Point
65°(149°F)
Density
1.585
Refractive Index
1.4800
Sensitivity
Moisture Sensitive
Solubility
Miscible with dichloromethane, ether, terahydrofuran and protic solvents.

Applications

Trichloroacetyl isocyanate is used as an in-situ derivatizing reagent for characterization of alcohols, glycols, phenols, and amines by nuclear magnetic resonance. It is also used in anion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and in catalytic one-pot dehydrative glycosylation of 1-hydroxy carbohydrate. Further, it serves as a reagent for the conversion of alcohols into carbamates.

Notes

Moisture sensitive. Store in a cool place. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with acids and strong oxidizing agents.

Literature References

Reacts with nucleophiles to give ureas, carbamates, etc., from which the trichloroacetyl group can readily be removed. For reaction of acyl isocyanates with Grignard reagents to give primary carboxamides, see: Tetrahedron Lett., 981 (1975).

[2+2]-Cycloaddition with cyclic enol ethers gives fused azetidinones: Tetrahedron, 45, 227 (1989).

Causes characteristic chemical shifts in the ɑ-protons of alcohols by in situ conversion to the carbamates: Anal. Chem., 431 (1965).

Reviews: Chemistry of ɑ-haloisocyanates: Synthesis, 85 (1980). General isocyanate chemistry: Appendix 3.

Shajari, N.; Kazemizadeh, A. R.; Ramazani, A.; Joo, S. W.; Ślepokura, K.; Lis, T.; Souldozi, A. Facile synthesis and crystal structure of 1,5-dimethyl-6-thioxo-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4-dione. J. Struct. Chem. 2015, 56 (4), 806-810.

Szcześniak, P.; Stecko, S. An approach to asymmetric synthesis of beta-aryl alanines by Pd(0)-catalyzed cross-coupling and cyanate-to-isocyanate rearrangement. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (39), 30882-30888.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H330-H334-H314-H318-H227

Fatal if inhaled. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Combustible liquid.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P260-P284-P285-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear respiratory protection. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Beilstein
971201
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2929.10
TSCA
Yes

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