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Cysteine alkylating agent N-Ethylmaleimide is a protein thiol modifier which inhibits apoptotic DNA fragmentation. It is a sulfhydryl reagent and finds application in experimental biochemical studies as well as in enzymology. It is involved in the modification of cysteine residues in proteins and peptides. It acts as a Michael acceptor and reacts with nucelophiles like thiols. It is employed in the inhibition of Mg2+
Reactive dienophile and dipolarophile. Reagent for modification of sulfhydryl groups of cysteine residues in proteins: Methods Enzymol., 25, 449 (1972); Eur. J. Biochem., 145, 245 (1984).
Shah, N.; Colbert, K. N.; Enos, M. D.; Herschlag, D.; Weis, W. I. Three alpha-SNAP and 10 ATP molecules are used in SNARE complex disassembly by N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF). J. Biol. Chem. 2015, 290 (4), 2175-2188.
Iwasaki, F.; Suga, K.; Umakoshi, H. Pseudo-Interphase of Liposome Promotes 1, 3-Dipolar Cycloaddition Reaction of Benzonitrile Oxide and N-Ethylmaleimide in Aqueous Solution. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 119, (30), 9772-9779.
Hazard Statements: H300-H311-H314-H318-H317
Fatal if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.