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3-Hydroxyphenylpropionic acid acts as a urinary metabolite of procyanidins in pigs. It also serves as an intermediate in the preparation of various synthetic organic products. Further, it is used in the preparation of 3-(3-hydroxy-phenyl)-propionic acid methyl ester.
Wiese, S.; Esatbeyoglu, T.; Winterhalter, P.; Kruse, H. P.; Winkler, S.; Bub, A.; Kulling, S. E. Comparative biokinetics and metabolism of pure monomeric, dimeric, and polymeric flavan-3-ols: A randomized cross-over study in humans. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 2015, 59 (4), 610-621.
Margalef, M.; Pons, Z.; Bravo, F. I.; Muguerza, B.; Arola-Arnal, A. Plasma kinetics and microbial biotransformation of grape seed flavanols in rats. J. Funct. Foods 2015, 12, 478-488.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H319-H335
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.