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4-Methylstyrene is used as a monomer for polyesters and in plastics production. It is also used as an intermediate in paint and coating additives. Further, it is used with other vinyltoluene isomers (3-vinyltoluene) as monomers for the preparation of poly(vinyltoluene). In addition to this, it is employed as a bi- ligand in the preparation of cationic, two-coordinate triphenylphosphine-gold(I)-pi complexes. Further, it is involved in Heck coupling reactions with chlorobenzene.
Sahi, S.; Chen, W.; Jiang, K. Luminescence enhancement of PPO/PVT scintillators by CeF3 nanoparticles. J. Lumin. 2015, 159, 105-109.
Seliman, A. F.; Bliznyuk, V. N.; Husson, S. M.; DeVol, T. A. Development of polymerizable 2-(1-naphthyl)-5-phenyloxazole scintillators for ionizing radiation detection. J. Mater. Chem. C 2015, 3 (27), 7053-7061.
Hazard Statements: H226-H304-H315-H319-H335-H340
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause genetic defects.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280i-P281-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P331-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P5
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam