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Acetylcholine chloride acts as an endogenous neurotransmitter at cholinergic synapses. The compound has been shown to have ophthalmological uses and can be broken down quickly by choliesterases. Acetylcholine influences many basic cells functions, such as mitosis, cells differentiation, cytoskeletal organization, and cell to cell contact, among other functions. It reduces mortality and plasma proinflammatory cytokines in mice with experimentally-induced sepsis.The cholinergicanti-infl ammatory mechanism is probably mediated by interaction of acetylcholine with α7n cholinoreceptor on monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils, which decreases the levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6.
John K. Herdklotz; Ronald L. Sass. The crystal structure of acetylcholine chloride: A new conformation for acetylcholine.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communication.1970, 40 583-588.
Rafael Lorente De Nó. Effects of choline and acetylcholine chloride upon peripheral nerve fibers.Journal of Cellular and Comparative Physiology.1944, 24 85-97.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H319-H335
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.