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N-Methylhydroxylamine hydrochloride is used as an inorganic catalyst used in the transamidation of primary amides with amines. It is employed in constructing hydroxamates, important functional groups for the complexation of iron.
A. Gibson and S. Mirzazadeh. N-methylhydroxylamine inhibits and M&B 22948 potentiates relaxations of the mouse anococcygeus to non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic field stimulation and to nitrovasodilator drugs.British Journal of Pharmacology.1989, 96 637-644.
J. R. Ochoa Gomez. Electrosynthesis of N-methylhydroxylamine.Journal of Applied Electrochemistry.1991, 21 331-334.
Reacts with aldehydes and ketones to give nitrones, which undergo 1,3-dipolar addition reactions with alkenes. Cycloaddition to trimethylvinylsilane has been used in a 2-carbon extension of aldehydes to ɑß-unsaturated aldehydes: J. Org. Chem., 49, 3421 (1984):
Intramolecular cycloaddition has been used as a route to bicyclic systems, e.g. from citronellal: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 670 (1988).
Reviews: 1,3-Dipolar cycloadditions of nitrones: Synthesis, 205 (1975). The [3+2] nitrone-olefin cycloaddition reaction: Org. React., 36, 1 (1988). Synthetic applications of nitrones: Org. Prep. Proced. Int., 17, 25 (1985).
For conversion to, and reactions of, the N,O-bis(TMS) derivative, see: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 1823 (1989).
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant