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Tetra-n-butylammonium hydroxide, 40% w/w aq. solution is used as a phase-transfer catalyst in organic synthesis especially for alkylation and condensation reactions. It is used as a curing accelerator for epoxy resins. It is also used in preparation of dichlorocarbene from chloroform.
Useful base, either as the aqueous or methanolic (see following entries) solution, compare Benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide, A14927, for a variety of alkylation and condensation reactions; see, e.g.: Synth. Commun., 13, 927 (1983). Forms salts with many anions which may then be extracted into organic solvents: Acta Chem. Scand.: 23, 2202, 2203, 2204 (1969).
Liu, X.; Jiao, Y.; Lin, C.; Sun, K.; Zhao, Y. PBDEs, hydroxylated PBDEs and methoxylated PBDEs in bivalves from Beijing markets. Chemosphere 2014, 110, 97-103.
Du, X.; Gellerstedt, G.; Li, J. Universal fractionation of lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCs) from lignocellulosic biomass: an example using spruce wood. Plant J. 2013, 74 (2), 328-338.
Hazard Statements: H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.